Sure, there are things a woman would rather do than visit the gynecologist. But it is also certain that malfunctions can only be detected early on with regular examinations. Every woman should therefore go to the check-up once a year at the latest from the age of 20.
Duties of a gynecologist
The gynecologist has several central tasks: In acute complaints and chronic diseases, he decides on diagnostics and therapy, to early detect diseases such as breast cancer, he carries out regular checkups (or initiate further tests), he is women advisory to the side and he looks after Expectant mothers and their unborn baby during pregnancy.
Most women find visiting and examining the gynecologist a rather uncomfortable situation, which, even more than most other doctor's visits, goes beyond the limits of very intimate and possibly shame-filled areas. Especially with young girls who visit a gynecological practice for the first time, therefore, a lot of sensitivity on the part of the doctor and the nurse assistance is needed.
The first time to the gynecologist
The right time to visit a gynecologist for the first time is different with every girl. Some gynecologists suggest that this has come after the onset of the first menstrual bleeding, others believe that an initial examination is not necessary until the age of 20 (unless there are previously specific events).
Good reasons are, for example, a still not used menstruation in the age of 16, complaints such as unclear pelvic pain or strong smelling discharge, itching and burning in the vagina and the need to seek advice on sexual intercourse, contraception or puberty.
Conversation and advice
The focus is first on the specific questioning of the patient on the reason for her visit to the doctor and on her medical history (medical history). If she has recent symptoms, she should describe them as accurately as possible: where, when and how often they occur, whether they have started suddenly or persist for some time, and whether there are any other symptoms.
Particularly important is the "regular history", ie when the last bleeding was, whether the period is regular or absent, at what intervals it starts and how long it lasts, whether it is painful and if there is bleeding. In older women, menopause can also be at the center of questions.
In addition, the type of contraception, other chronic or chronic illness, previous births, surgeries or accidents, medications taken and family diseases are important. Sexual problems or abuse should also be addressed.
If you look for a particular concern to the gynecologist, it is recommended - especially on a first visit - to write down the questions and bring these notes to the doctor's visit. This helps against the fear and the often associated difficulty of focusing on what you really want.