High blood pressure (hypertension)

Hypertension - around 20 million people in Germany are affected. The treacherous thing: If the diagnosis is made, the disease has unnoticed usually done damage for years. The high blood pressure can not cure, but lower. Hypertension (or arterial hypertension) is a widespread disease - every fourth adult in Germany suffers from it. The danger of hypertension is still underestimated. This is mainly due to the fact that hypertension usually does not cause any complaints at the beginning. If the diagnosis of high blood pressure is made at random or as part of a check-up, it is difficult for those affected to accept that they have to do something against a "measured value" or abstract values.

High blood pressure - an overview

Symptoms due to the sequelae often occur in hypertension after many years. These can then usually not be undone. Only when arterial hypertension is detected early and counteracted can serious and potentially fatal consequences be avoided.

Hypertension can affect virtually any organ. The increased blood pressure in the inside of the vessel permanently damages the arteries, which in turn supply the whole body with blood. Especially common are complications in the brain, eyes, heart and kidneys. Lowering high blood pressure - this is the goal of every treatment. And so that the blood pressure throughout the day spreads values ​​that are within the normal range.

At the beginning, a change in lifestyle often helps to combat high blood pressure: exercise, exercise, overweight, balanced nutrition, reducing stress. In the next step, medicines for hypertension are indicated - initially usually only one active ingredient, later combinations of several substances. Thus, the blood pressure can usually be adjusted well by medication and own intervention.

Hypertension - definition

Blood pressure is caused by the heart constantly pumping oxygen-rich blood from the lungs through the arteries into the whole organism. The blood travels a long way. To cope with this, the heart builds up pressure to drive the blood - which in turn is transferred from the blood to the vessel walls. The blood pressure fluctuates between two values:

  • The pressure wave produced by the contraction of the left ventricle when the blood is expelled from the heart is called the systolic blood pressure.
  • The pressure in the arteries that remains when the heart is refilling with blood (and is mainly due to the elasticity of the arteries) is called diastolic blood pressure. He is below the systolic blood pressure.

These values ​​are measured with specific equipment and expressed as the pressure of a mercury column (mm Hg). There are certain normal values ​​defined. If one or both values ​​are at rest during repeated measurements, this is called hypertension. This is subdivided into the three degrees, light, medium and hard, depending on the severity. In healthy individuals, the blood pressure values ​​at rest are always below 140/90 mmHg.

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